The Biodiversity of the South China Sea

Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research

Lowry, J.K., 2000. Taxonomic status of amphipod crustaceans in the South China Sea with a checklist of known species. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. 8: 309-341.
© The National University of Singapore


TAXONOMIC STATUS OF AMPHIPOD CRUSTACEANS
IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA WITH
A CHECKLIST OF KNOWN SPECIES

J. K. Lowry
Division of Invertebrate Zoology, Australian Museum,
6 College Street, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia


ABSTRACT - The Amphipoda of the South China Sea are catalogued. Based on the literature,  48 families, 113 genera and 272 species are recorded. Gammaridean amphipods have effectively been studied from only three areas - Hong Kong, several sites in Vietnam and several sites in the Philippines. There are additional small study sites in Singapore and the Spratly Islands. Based on these studies 31 gammaridean families, 67 genera and 153 species have been recorded, the vast majority of these taxa come from the Central-western and North-western South China Sea. In nearly all recorded families the genera and species appear to be poorly represented. By comparison Ruffo (1982; 1989; 1993) has reported 51 families, 157 genera and 450 species of gammaridean and caprellidean amphipods from the Mediterranean Sea. Important habitats for amphipods such as algal forests, seagrass meadows and coral reefs have not been studied in the South China Sea. No caprellidean or ingolfiellidean amphipods have been reported. Hyperiidean amphipods appear to be more widely collected and studied (17 hyperiidean families, 46 genera and 119 species). More than half of all hyperiidean families have been reported from this area. Much work needs to be done in the South China Sea before amphipod biodiversity can be properly assessed and understood.