Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research

Vitex pinnata Linnaeus, 1753

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Lamiales
Family:Lamiaceae
Genus:Vitex
Species:V. pinnata
Status:Common

Description

This is a medium-sized tree of up to 25 m tall and has a bole of up to 70 cm diameter. Leaves are palmately compound, in opposites and with 5 leaflets that are hairy on the under surface. Flowers are grouped in terminal inflorescence, bluish white to violet and fruits are sub-globose, 7-13 cm wide, turning purple black on ripening and with 1-4 seeds.. 

Read more about the Lamiales order.
Read more about the Lamiaceae family.

Distribution

India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Philippines.

Localities

Seen throughout Singapore and its offshore islands.

Human Uses

The timber is used locally for construction, boats and implements. The leaves and bark are used in traditional medicine to treat stomach ache, to expel intestinal worms and to treat wounds.

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

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